The Two Towers, Chapters 1-10

two-towers-cover

Elliot White
Chapter 1 “The Taming of Sméagol”
1) Tolkien again presents the destructive force of nature; how is this storm similar to previous events? How does this sequence continue Tolkien’s water metaphors?

2) What does both the physical description of Gollum and his behavior tell us about him? Sam seems to be very wary about trusting Gollum whereas Frodo is more willing. Would you behave more like Sam of Frodo if you were in their position?

Chapter 2 “The Passage of the Marshes”
1) What could the lights be or symbolize? What does this passage say about mortality when the trio see elves, men, and orcs all rotting in the same place in the marsh?

2) Thinking back to Gandalf’s hope that even Gollum could be saved, is there evidence in Gollum’s monologue to suggest he can still change?

Will Richardson
Chapter 3 “The Black Gate is Closed”
1) How are the teeth of Mordor and their former use representative of Tolkein’s relationship between good and evil?

2) Gollum claims to have ‘sworn on the precious’ that he will help Frodo and Sam find a way into Mordor. Do you feel the hobbits should be more concerned about the fact that he is clearly still deeply influenced by the power of the ring or are they right in trusting him because they have no other way?

Chapter 4 “Of Herbs and Stewed Rabbit”
1) When Sam is watching Frodo sleep, he notices that the Ringbearer is looking much more more weary and aged than he was just a short time ago. Do you think that this is a product of carrying the ring or is it just the exhausting nature of the quest they are on?

2) Is Frodo’s insistence on keeping Gollum alive despite Faramir’s distaste for the creature an example of care for the creature, or is it just because Gollum is their guide and is much more experienced in the wild than the hobbits? Do any examples in this chapter point to either answer?

Cristobal Lopez
Chapter 5 “The Window on the West”
1) From Faramir’s questioning of Frodo, is there any association between the acceptance of Aragorn as the true King of Gondor and what group a character belongs to? Are there any biblical undertones in this?

2) How are Faramir and Boromir different? How are they alike?

Chapter 6 “The Forbidden Pool”
1) What is the significance of the pool? Why would even looking at it subject someone to the penalty of death?

2) Does Frodo’s acceptance of Faramir’s “doom” have any bearing or is it more out of courtesy? Would he be more liable to believe Aragorn’s friendship gains him access to parts of Gondor?

Andrew Calhoun
Chapter 7 “The Journey to the Cross-Roads”
1) As Frodo, Sam, and Gollum approach the Crossroads leading to Cirith-Ungol, the terrain around them becomes more blasted and desolate. How did the land come to be this way? Is this its natural state? Is this desolation a product of mere barbarism on the part of the Orcs or is the state of the terrain indicative of a deeper corrupting power?

2) At the Crossroads, Frodo sees a statue of an old king, defaced and beheaded by the servants of Mordor. However, a crown of blossoms decorate the fallen head of the statue. How is this shattered effigy significant in regards to the kingly line of Gondor?

Chapter 8 “The Stairs of Cirith Ungol”
1) Frodo and Sam witness a great host pouring forth from Minas Morgul. However, rank-and-file soldiery and brute force are not the greatest weapons of the enemy. What weapon do you believe is the strongest of Sauron’s arsenal? How does it serve him better than simple strength of arms?

2) While Frodo and Sam are discussing the possibility of a story being written about them in the future, Frodo asks Gollum if he’d like to be a hero. Unfortunately, he doesn’t answer as he is sneaking around elsewhere at the time. Do you believe Gollum still has the capability of being good? Or has the Ring well and truly consumed him?

Dr. B
Chapter 9 “Shelob’s Lair”
1) What is Shelob? Why does Gollum lead Frodo and Sam to her lair?

2) How does Frodo fight Shelob? What happens to Frodo? How does this event change Sam’s identity?

 Chapter 10 “The Choices of Master Samwise”
1) How does Sam defeat Shelob? Describe his strategies and weapons.

2) What mistake did Sam mistake when considering Frodo’s plight after Shelob attacked? How does Sam realize his mistake? What does Sam decide to do about it?

 

 

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30 thoughts on “The Two Towers, Chapters 1-10”

  1. Ch. 4
    Question 2)
    Rather than a product of just carrying the Ring, Frodo’s exhausted state is due to the fact that he is actively resisting the Ring. This would be entirely unlike his uncle Bilbo, who kept the Ring in his possession for 60 years without the thought of getting rid of it, and was thus granted long life because of it. The Ring wants desperately to be returned to Sauron, and it wants Frodo to put it on and hand it straight to Sauron. Because he is resisting its temptation, the Ring is wearing down on Frodo’s mind and body.

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    1. It is interesting how you draw a parallel between Frodo and Bilbo and I like the realization that the reason the Ring has such different effects on each of them is because of how they treat it. Bilbo was rewarded because of the love and care that he put into it while Frodo is being beaten for trying to destroy it.

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    2. That is a really interesting response, and honestly I didn’t really consider the idea of Frodo fully resisting the ring’s power being the reason why it becomes so tiring. I think that is down to the times when Frodo seems consumed by the ring and lashes out, but I think he does this just because carrying the ring closer and closer to Sauron’s stronghold is such a massive burden, and Frodo is still doing everything he can to resist its power.

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  2. Ch. 7
    Question 2)
    I think the flowered and beheaded statue is a perfect metaphor for what occurred to Gondor’s royal line since the days of Isildur. Without a kingdom for centuries, many thought Isildur’s line was lost, as scattered as it became. Aragorn, as a Dunedain, has lived most of his long life as a Ranger, as far from a king as one can be. But even though the kingly line had weakened, it is nowhere near death. Aragorn will save Isildur’s legacy and there will be a king in Gondor again. Thus the significance of the flowers crowning the stone king’s head; though the line was thought broken, there is hope for the future.

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  3. CH 2
    1) I think that the lights could represent the souls of the dead beneath the water. Gollum warns the hobbits to be careful, or else they’ll be lighting candles of their own down there. There are elves, orc, men, etc all rotting in the same place because of a big battle long ago. This could be representative of the idea that despite all the conflict between the races, in the end, all war brings is death and loss of friends and family, despite where you come from or what race you belong to.

    2) Gollum’s speech reveals that while there may or may not be a chance that he could change, at least a small part of him really wants to change. He is conflicted and fighting within himself, but whichever side is stronger determines if he will ever regain what light he once had.

    CH 7
    1) I do not think that this is the natural state of the land. I think that while the orcs have done a number on its well being, the main problem is its proximity to such dark and evil lands. As one approaches Mordor, the land becomes less resilient as darkness and lifelessness leaches out of a place that is so saturated in evil.

    2) The statue head is significant in regards to the kingly line because while the head is broken, defaced, and abused, the flowers represent a new beginning. Darkness has fallen on the land but soon, light and life will return, once the rightful king does.

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    1. I think you’re exactly right about the Dead Marshes. Tolkien seems to be telling his reader that war always brings death, even if you’re on the winning side. He had firsthand knowledge of this, losing some of his best friends in WWI and seeing his son sent out to battle in WWII.

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    2. I agree with you answer to Ch. 7 Question 1. We know that in Tolkien’s Middle-earth evil can only twist that which already exists, a pale mimicry. Mordor is a land suffused with what is essentially an absence of good, of Art, and so the terrain reflects that. Dead and blackened, evil has been present in Mordor for so long nothing can grow anymore.

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  4. Chapter 2, Q2 (and Chapter 8, Q2):
    I think Tolkien does present us with evidence that change in Gollum is possible, and that there is a little “chink” in the darkness of his mind that sometimes allows light through. I believe that at the very least, Tolkien wanted us to pity Smeagol, as Bilbo, Frodo, and many others did. He even describes him at one point as appearing to be “an old weary hobbit, shrunken by the years that had carried him far beyond his time, beyond friends and kin, and the fields and streams of yore, an old starved, pitiable thing.” In The Fellowship of the Ring, Gandalf stresses the fact that Bilbo escaped the full evil of the Ring for so many years because he began his ownership of the item by sparing Smeagol’s life. Through this twisted little creature, Tolkien shows that the pity of Bilbo, the patience of Frodo, and even the foolish kindness of the Mirkwood elves saved Middle Earth from the evil of Sauron. Even if Gollum himself didn’t change for the better, his greed served as the perfect vehicle for Tolkien’s ultimate eucatastrophe.

    Chapter 7, Q2:
    This scene was one of the most striking to me the first time I read the Lord of the Rings. It has an obvious significance attached to Aragorn’s return to the throne of Gondor, but I love the way Tolkien expresses this. He shows nature fixing the destruction of Sauron’s evil. Flowers like little white stars place a crown on the fallen head. Tolkien also returns to the theme of evil’s inability to create — the boulder put on the king’s shoulders is merely a mockery and a twisting of something that used to be good.

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    1. I agree with how you say there is still a chance that Sméagol’s will can penetrate the darkness the ring has put over him. It could also show that even what seems like the greatest evil can’t completely overpower good, as Gollum had the ring for so long yet still has a voice in him that wants to do good.

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  5. Chapter 2
    1) I believe the lights symbolize the souls that were lost in the marsh. What I think this says about morality is that no matter who you are, or what you’ve done; when you die, you end up in the same place as everyone else. It shows kind of like a unity between all living things because we each have this one thing in common regardless of who we are.
    2) From Gollum’s monologue, it seems like a small part of him wants to change and revert back to the person he was before the ring corrupted him. What holds him back is the other corrupted side of him.

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  6. Chapter 2
    1) Seeing as the marshes were full of dead from the battle ages ago, the lights could represent the still present spirits of the dead, as they were lost with nobody to recover their bodies. By having men, elves, and orcs all dead in the same place, it shows that mortality is a constant for most life in Middle-Earth and in death all are the same. Despite whatever thoughts there are about orcs, their morality or allegiance, they are still living beings that also suffered along with men and elves. This passage serves as both a chilling reminder of death but also how even the terrible orcs share an experience with noble elves and men.
    2) Gollum’s monologue clearly shows that whatever there is left of Sméagol is still there beneath Gollum’s horrible surface. The problem is how much of Sméagol’s will can still influence his actions under Gollum’s urges to get back the precious. Maybe there is a small chance but he would need someone to help separate him from the evils he’s done for years.

    Chapter 10
    1) Sam defeats Shelob by getting her to rear back and attack him. As she moves downward to crush Sam she’s unaware he’s holding Sting pointed upward so it stabs through her softer underside. He then uses the phial to push her back into the darkness as she is weak to elven magic and light.
    2) Sam made a mistake because he falsely assumed Frodo was dead. While it was the smart decision to continue the quest even though he believed Frodo was gone, he wasn’t thorough enough to check for life signs. As soon as Sam realizes this as the orcs are taking Frodo away, he resolves himself to rescue his friend before continuing on.

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    1. I agree with your statement that there is a small amount of Smeagol left in Gollum. I think this is why Gandalf was unwillingly to kill Gollum in the first place, because he was able to see that not all of the good had been lost. But Sam’s wariness stems from the fact that Gollum is now the prevalent character within the creature.

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  7. Chapter 3
    1) The Teeth of Mordor were once watchtowers of Gondor, designed to quarantine the evil forces within the Land of Shadow. However, as the balance of power shifted ever further in Mordor’s favor, the towers were left unguarded, and orcs claimed them for the Dark Lord. Now they serve a new purpose: to keep out the enemies of Sauron. This narrative meshes well with Tolkien’s view of Evil, in that it can’t ever create something original. Rather, it corrupts and twists that which was once good.
    2) Sam and Frodo should be highly concerned by Gollum’s continued obsession with ‘the precious’. They are in a bind, however, in that neither of them knows how to get into Mordor without the aid of their wretched guide. Sam seems to take the wiser course here as he keeps a very close watch on Gollum, whereas Frodo is all too trusting of him.

    Chapter 10
    1) Sam combats Shelob by striking at her exposed underbelly with Sting, injuring her greatly. He also utilizes the Phial of Galadriel to blind her, as she is a creature of the dark and thusly is vulnerable to light.
    2) After driving back his foe, Sam finds the paralyzed body of Frodo. Without any sign of life from his master, Sam believes him to be dead. When an orc patrol arrives from Cirith Ungol, Sam realizes the folly of his thinking as one of the orc captains declares Frodo to still be alive. Gathering his strength, Sam pursues the orcs in secret, hoping to rescue Frodo.

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  8. chapter 8, question 1:
    It seems to me that the greatest strength Sauron possesses is the fear he instills into people and the ability to tempt and corrupt those who were once good. It is clear throughout the novel that Orcs are not the most intelligent creatures or the greatest warriors, but they are terrifying savages who wish to see all good wiped off the earth, and they are more than willing to give their lives to please their master and achieve these ends. That is one of the scariest things about Sauron and his minions; they have nothing to lose, and an enemy with nothing to lose is often the most dangerous. And in the two towers, Sauron’s ability to corrupt is clear. After all, the entire first book of the volume is based on dealing with the former head Istari Saruman, once a defender of the land from evil, and now evil himself.

    Chapter 9:
    1. Shelob is a massive spider. Gollum leads Sam and Frodo into her cave, where he plans to let Shelob kill Frodo. This would allow Gollum to take the ring off of him and live his days out happily with the ‘precious’.
    2. Frodo uses the phial of light Galadriel gave him, but he doesn’t really strike any blows against the spider. He is more using the phial to light up the cave and keep the spider at bay. Eventually they have to hide the phial when they hear Orcs coming, which is when the spider attacks and carries Frodo off, poisoning him in the process. Sam seeing his master like that fills him with rage, and he uses the light to keep Shelob away and is able to stab the creature multiple times, defeating it and sending it away.

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    1. I agree with your response to Ch. 8 Question 1. The orcs have no purpose other than to further their masters’ agenda, and it never occurred to me that because of this they truly have nothing to lose. Orcs don’t have family, or loved ones of any kind, and have become so twisted by Sauron that nothing good remains. This enables them to hurl themselves at those they are attacking without reservation, because as a wholly manufactured army they can always be easily replaced.

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  9. Chapter 1
    1) This storm is very similar to previous ones because it appears from almost nowhere to wreak havoc on the hobbits. It once again appears to have a magical quality, and apparently wants Sam and Frodo to leave the mountains in which they have gotten lost. This water metaphor leans more towards the dangers of water that both Frodo and Sam are well aware of, considering both have experience with almost drowning.
    2) Gollum’s behavior shows just how conflicted he really is. Gollum has two different personalities, and they often contradict each other. Smeagol seems naive and childlike, and doesn’t appear to actually want to hurt Frodo and Sam. Gollum is all-consumed by the Ring, and would be willing to do whatever it takes to get the Ring back. Frodo is able to see Smeagol underneath Gollum, while Sam only sees Gollum, and is therefore wary.
    Chapter9
    1) Shelob is a giant spider-monster that Sauron uses to guard his passageways. Gollum’s leads Frodo and Sam to her lair because he knows that they have no other way into Mordor, so they will have to pass through the tunnel. However, they have no idea of the dangers awaiting inside, which is just what Gollum wanted.
    2) Frodo attempts to fight Shelob by boldly walking towards her with the Phial of Galadriel, which fends off the spider. However, Shelob eventually attacks and paralyzes Frodo. This event changes Sam’s identity because he comes to realize that if Frodo is truly dead, he must become the Ringbearer and finish Frodo’s quest.

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    1. I really like your answer on Chapter 9 question 2 because it really show that both Frodo and Sam are ready to fight to keep the ring. Moreover, it shows that Sam is a true friend, and really realize what this is about and how important the ring is.

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  10. Keri A. Hosler
    Chapter 2
    1) I think the lights come from Tolkien’s medievalist side. I believe these lights are his version of Will-o’-the-Wisps, which are ghost lights that are known to lead travelers away from the correct path. I believe that in seeing all races dead in the Marsh, it shows that, in death, everyone is equal.
    2) In Gollum’s monologue, we see him battling his own greed for the Ring. His Smeagol side fights on behalf of Frodo, saying he was kind and he promised not to harm him. I believe that this shows he has goodness in him, that he, like Bilbo, still harbored good despite the Ring’s influence. However, the Gollum side of him wins out in the end, showing he is too far gone to help.

    Chapter 9
    1) Shelob is a being which takes the form of a giant spider. By the way she is described, she only cares for her own hunger and has no greed for power, such as the Ring or that to rule over the land. I, personally, think she is a sort of embodiment of lust or gluttony. It explains that she was in Middle Earth before most things, like Sauran. If we are continuing the idea that Tom Bombadil is a sort of Adam, maybe she is the sin that came into Eden. Gollum led them to Shelob, in hopes that they would be eaten and he could have the Ring. Also, he promised to bring Shelob food.
    2) In the lair, Frodo uses the Phial of Galadriel as well as Sting, to advance against Shelob. She becomes frightened for a bit and runs off. However, when Sam and Frodo leave the Lair, they do not expect an attack. Sam is harried by Gollum before he can warn Frodo. Frodo is then felled by Shelob. Seeing Gollum has betrayed them, Sam lashes out in a fit of anger, unlike his usual soft spoken manner. He fights and even attempts to kill Gollum. I saw this as a sort of snapping point for Sam. He was able to keep of Gollum this whole time, but as soon as Frodo is in danger, he will do whatever it takes. In short, to me, Sam is the real hero of this series (but that is just my opinion).

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    1. Sam is definitely the real hero of the series. He keeps proving it over and over through sheer strength of character, all the way to the end.

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  11. Chapter 1
    1) Yet again we have a storm or natural occurrence that hinders our heroes just enough for you to start thinking that there is more that just nature behind it. But in the end it’s just Tolkien’s way of saying that nature can be a real factor that affects your journey in all sorts of ways.
    2) Gollum’s physical appearance is foreign and creepy; just enough for you to instinctively not want to trust him. I think that emphasizes the decision that Frodo made in letting him live and guide them. Given the way Gollum looks and acts I would definitely behave more like Sam in that situation. But in the end, it’s Gandalf’s words that helped in the decision to spare Gollum. I liked the way Frodo recollects them and remembers the importance of Pity.

    Chapter 6
    1) The Forbidden Pool is forbidden because it marks the boundaries Gondor Rangers hideout. The secrecy of the location is very important and anyone who looks upon the boundary or crosses it is to be killed.

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  12. Chapter 2
    1/ The lights might represent all the dead people that died during a battle or a war. What that shows about mortality is that, all battle brings to the death of your friends or partner, and everyone ends up in the same spot.

    2/ Gollum’s speech shows us that there is a small part inside him that really wants to change and go back to the Gollum without the ring. But it is very hard for him because the ring has corrupted him. Therefore, it is hard to get back to who he was before.

    Chapter 10
    1/ Sam defeat Shelob by using the Phial of Galadriel to get her blind because she is vulnerable to light.

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  13. Book IV, Chap 2:
    1) I think the lights symbolize some sort of spirit left behind by the living after they depart. The significant part of this chapter is when they see the orcs, elves, and men all rotting in the same place. This is Tolkien’s opinion on war. He believes it to be pointless because in the end it matters little, all reside in the ground.
    2) Yes, the internal conflict Gollum has with himself shows there is still good left. The argument is a battle for control, at least I thought it was. Sméagol is attempting to take control back from evil creature, Gollum, that the ring created. This conflict shows there is still good left in his body, so Gandalf’s hopes were not in vain.

    Book V, Chap 3:
    1) The teeth of Mordor were created by the good men of Gondor, but since the teeth are vacant of men of Gondor, they are evil. Since they lack the good of Gondor, the evil of Sauron takes hold, following the trend we see in the books about evil being the absence of good.
    2) I think Sam is the smartest character in this chapter. They should never trust Gollum, he has a record of being an incredibly treacherous person, but in their situation, they have little choice. They know close to nothing about the dangerous lands they find themselves in. Any help, even if double sided, would be of use now and is worth taking including the risk of trusting an unfavorable character.

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    1. The dead marshes definitely sounds like a WWI battlefield. I agree that Tolkien likely took a lot from his personal experience in the Somme when he wrote this chapter. Even when I read the Two Towers when I was younger, this chapter stood out to me as being particularly bleak and morbid. For that reason, I believe Tolkien put a lot of emotional investment in his description of the Marshes.

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  14. Ch 1
    1) Tolkien’s storm is similar to previous events like the flooding of certain places. I think it is like a cleansing. Meaning that it people that are not necessarily good can become good.
    2) I think it shows a lot about him. Also I think that I would want to be more like Frodo, because I like to see the good in people rather than not trust people.
    Ch 5
    1) I think that there is an association, and I think that there are biblical undertones.
    2) I think they are different in the ways that they think, but I think they are alike in the sense as a whole they believe in the same thing.

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  15. Chapter 9 “Shelob’s Lair”
    1) Shelob is a giant spider in the caves above the pass that they take to get into Mordor. She is often fed by the orcs when they want to get rid of someone who they don’t like or was insubordinate to them. Gollum leads Frodo and Sam into her lair because he wants the Ring, and this is an easy way to get rid of Frodo and Sam without breaking his own vow. He doesn’t care much if he lies to himself about the fact that this is just as bad as if he strangled Frodo and Sam in their sleep, he sees it as a justified way for him to maintain the character he has developed as Smeagol again, and to get back the Precious.

    2) Frodo attempts to fight Shelob with the light of Galadriel, and he and Sam attempt to run away. Frodo gets attacked by Shelob, and taken away. Sam suddenly feels lost, since he is only here as a companion to the Ringbearer, and has no other business in this part of the world. Once he believes that Frodo is dead, he has to figure out what he’s going to do now, and how he’ll do it. He resolves himself to become the Ringbearer himself and finish the quest, but is daunted by going alone for the rest of the journey.

    Chapter 10 “The Choices of Master Samwise”
    1) Sam fights with both Sting and the light of Galadriel, attacking Shelob in the eyes. He goes for weaknesses in Shelob, such as the eyes, the underbelly, and she eventually leaves in defeat. Sam mirrors Shelob with Sting, stabbing her as she would in order to paralyze her victims.

    2) He first believed Frodo to be asleep, but then thought that he is dead. Thinking that Frodo is dead, he takes the Ring in order to finish the quest, and hides. Orcs come up, and look at the body, and Sam overhears them discuss that he is only paralyzed, and not dead. They take Frodo away, and now Sam decides that he must rescue Frodo, or at least attempt to, before continuing on the adventure.

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  16. Chapter 2
    1) I think the message Tolkein sends here is very powerful, especially the lengths he goes to differentiate between different races. There is never a “bad” elf, or a “good” orc, or a human who will completely resist unchecked power. Yet when all three come to do battle they all die, and are now equal in that they’re dead. “A fell light is in them” says Frodo. It’s a testament to death. They have no physical body, meaning that their condition, if that is indeed them, is more spiritual than physical. A memory perhaps? Or maybe its to show the consequences of violence. Tolkein himself noted that the marshes were inspired by his experiences in WWI. Either way, I think its safe to say that the motif of death is present throughout the entire chapter–most likely as an equalizer of sorts.

    2) It always bothered me the Gollum fails to reform. That doesn’t mean I think there was never any hope. There was definitely a chance that Gollumn could have reformed. But in the end Tolkein wanted to demonstrate abover all esle the the overwhelming power of the ring. In the end we are meant to pity Smeagol, as Gandalf and Frodo did. This pity comes from the idea that, given a different time, a different world, perhaps we would be the wretched, and he would be the one taking pity on us. I think Frodo looks on Gollum and thinks something along the lines of “there but for the grace of God go I”. He has to believe there is hope for Gollum–its not a question of whether he “can” reform or not (though for the record I think it’s possible), but that he keeps that hope alive for his own sake.

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  17. Chapter 2 Question 2
    Based on Gollum’s monologue, one can see how conflicted he is within and its sad, really. Although part of him appears to want to change, I feel there is a slim chance in it. He has been dictated by the ring for too long and I feel he will always fall victim to it.

    Chapter 1 Question 2
    Gollum’s physical appearance is rather puzzling and creepy. It is chilling to think he has been under the control of the ring for so long that he physically looks like the way he does. His appearance does not inspire trust or a good vibe in general I feel. Besides this though, he acts as if he is very sweet and all “woe is me” but regardless, I feel that if I were in this situation, I would also act more like Sam rather than Frodo because Smeagol just gave me a bad vibe from the start.

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  18. Chapter 1

    1) The previous storms in TLOR, at Caradhras and at Helm’s Deep, had a feeling of being influenced by people with power (e.g. Saruman or Gandalf). And in this storm, there is a cry from one of the wraiths heard. Though it could be a coincidence, the storms seem to always bear reminder of the greater forces within Middle Earth. Anyhow, the sequence ends with Frodo being rescued by Sam from drowning down in the ridge where he had fallen into. That term is also used again (“drowning”) and at this point, it is a clear reference for either death or salvation from it.

    2) The physical description and behavior regard Gollum as being more insect-like, or animalistic rather than being a human type. This inference suggest that Gollum suffered a loss of humanity, no doubt due to his affinity for the ring. With a view of the greater scheme of things, it makes more sense to act like Frodo and give Gollum an opportunity, even if slight, of redeeming himself. This agrees also with Gandalf’s position on how to treat Gollum.

    Chapter 2

    1)The lights could symbolize the allure of death as seen by the dead who lie in the marshes. By this I mean, that the dead there attempt to have visitors such as Frodo and his companions join them, in death, as they cannot do the reverse, which is be alive. In a way, Tolkien could be referencing the fact that it is easier to die than to live, and that is the main point of mortality; neither elves nor men nor orcs can escape it. Few are the ones who can live, according to the picture in the marshes.

    2) The Smeagol part of Gollum is hesitant to take Frodo and Sam to her. This shows that even when the ring’s power is so close, Smeagol is still able to be reluctant. There is a part in this chapter that further shows that Smeagol can still be saved, and that is in light of the description of Mordor as a, “land defiled, diseased beyond all healing – unless the Great Sea should enter it and wash it with oblivion” (617).

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